Lot 115 - Castro and Guevara signed flag
A Territorio Libre de Analfabetismo (A Territory Free of Illiteracy) flag signed by Fidel Castro, Raul Castro and Che Guevara on December 22 1961.
In 1959, Fidel Castro and the 26th of July Movement (including Raul Castro and Che Guevara) overthrew dictator Fulgencio Batista. Castro’s new revolutionary government began a series of social and economic reforms including the Campaña Nacional de Alfabetización en Cuba (Cuban Literacy Campaign) which aimed to abolish illiteracy in Cuba.
On December 22 1961, at Revolution Square, Havana, Fidel Castro declared Cuba the first territory free of illiteracy in Latin America.
This flag, measuring 16¾" x 29½", was signed at Revolution Square by Fidel Castro, Raul Castro and Che Guevara. The signatures were obtained by a member of the 26th of July movement who was present at Castro's speech.
Castro has added a handwritten notation "No hay satisfaccion mas grande que [...] [...] [...] de la revolucion" (There is no satisfaction greater than [...] [...] [...] in the revolution).
The flag is accompanied by a 'Republica de Cuba Consejo de Estade' medal.
An exceptional piece of Cuban history.
Before the Literacy Campaign, 11% of those living in cities were illiterate, compared to 41.7% of those living in the countryside. Literate volunteers worked throughout Cuba to abolish illiteracy, forcing contact between those from sectors of society that would never usually interact. As well as tackling illiteracy, the campaign aimed to create a collective identity of “unity, an attitude of combat, courage, intelligence, and a sense of history” and politicised educational materials were used to further these ideals.
End Date: 2012-05-24 19:30:00